Friday, April 2, 2010

Sins of Celluloid 3: The Most Controversial, Disturbing & Essential Exploitation/Grindhouse Movies


***WARNING! This article contains images of a sexual nature, nudity & bloody violence***

When most people think of Japanese cinema, generally the first thing that comes to mind are movies that feature giant monsters destroying Tokyo and aliens from outer space. Others will no doubt add warring samurai films to that list. Like Hong Kong movies (which most think of as being solely made up of kung fu flicks), there is so much more to Japanese cinema, as fans will wholeheartedly attest.


With Japanese film studios desperate to win back their audiences, having lost much of them to television, producers took a more salacious and graphic approach to moviemaking. Studios such as Nikkatsu and Toei began churning out the most demented and incredibly violent movies unlike anything that had been seen at that time.


This resulted in a long list of films littered with corpses covered in gore drenched viscera left behind by vengeance seeking ronin. There was also a series of extreme sex and gore torture films that were unlike anything seen before or since. There were also films that melded sex and samurai's, blood and breasts, bone breaking, limb ripping Karate masters and sword wielding lady avengers. This was a time of creativity that bordered on the depraved and the ingenious.

A woman is brutally tortured and has her eyes gouged out in Teruo Ishii's INFERNO OF TORTURE aka HELL'S TATTOOERS from 1969

One of the masters of the macabre and endearingly grotesque was eccentric filmmaker, Teruo Ishii. He directed over 80 movies during his long, fascinating and controversial career. Other directors that excelled during this period are ace exploitation director, Norifumi Suzuki who also directed some of the best and most recognized 'Pinky Violence' actioners.


This period during the late 60's and throughout the 1970's is a unique time in Japanese cinema that produced some truly choice and unique films that are exceedingly appealing even today alongside flashier, more expensive fare. Seeing these films now, some may be shocked and surprised at the level of insane depravity some of the movies mentioned below contain. The twelve listed below are only a small sampling of the wild, woolly and wholeheartedly weird world of Japanese exploitation movies. Some of the films listed are considered true classics of their respective genres while others are notorious for their taboo trashing excess.

One of the lighter moments from the sadistic SHOGUN'S SADISM (1976) aka OXEN SPLIT TORTURING

There are other notable movies not included on this list, but are still well worth tracking down. In some cases, this depends on how strong a stomach you have, or whether or not you are easily offended. These include the nauseating SHOGUN'S SADISM (1976;aka OXEN SPLIT TORTURING) and one of the sequels in Teruo Ishii's 'Joy of Torture' series, INFERNO OF TORTURE (1969;aka HELL'S TATTOOERS). The former is simply one of the most grueling cinematic experiences you are ever likely to come by.


In SHOGUN'S SADISM, the sheer onslaught of torture, extreme gore, death, sleaze and sex is a mind melting experience. BLIND WOMAN'S CURSE (1970) is another Ishii film starring Japan superstar, Meiko Kaji. It's a mixture of Yakuza, chambara and horror thrills. Also starring Kaji are the two WANDERING GINZA BUTTERFLY films, the second co-starring international fan favorite, Sonny Chiba. Yet another Ishii sleaze fest is FEMALE YAKUZA TALE: INQUISITION & TORTURE from 1973, the sequel to Norifumi Suzuki's SEX & FURY released the same year.

Miki Sugimoto in ZERO WOMAN: RED HANDCUFFS (1974)

The following list is an eclectic selection of exploitation from the land of the rising sun produced during the 1960's through the 1970's. There's a little bit of everything in the films featured below. Sex, violence, gore, nudity, torture, disturbing imagery and definitely movies of questionable taste. One attribute viewers will notice in some of the films mentioned below is how artfully shot and directed some of them really are. It elevates the material to a whole other level creating a fascinating bridge between innovation and exploitation.



Teruo Ishii, a danger seeking and envelope pushing director of some of the most salacious films to ever seep from Japan cinema screens, made a name for himself with this film series of nasty little numbers. The director helmed at least eight of these movies all bearing the traits of showcasing the brutal torture and death of (mostly) women. Ishii's 'Cinema of the Grotesque' began with this seething, unnerving omnibus of three stories of sex, violence and torture during the Tokugawa Era of Japan. The first tale deals with an incestuous relationship of a brother and sister that ends badly for all involved. The second tale has to do with libidinous nuns and the torture that results from betraying ones vows. The third and final story deals with a tattoo artist who captures the pain of women in his body sketches.

Ishii shows a lot of flair here despite the tone of the film being despicable and misogynistic in the extreme. Other entries in this series vary in "quality", but this first film starts things off on a professional note despite all the disturbing scenes of violence on display. Of the entries I have seen in this series, they all begin with various spectacularly gruesome death scenes during the opening credits sequence. Here, a woman is lynched (Japanese reference; not hanged, but tied up and dangled from a tree) then decapitated and her body cut in half. Another woman is burned alive and a third is pulled into a giant blade by two oxen splitting the woman in half.

Ishii's movie is preoccupied with the pain and agonizing torture of women. There's an entire genre of movies that feature women in radical bondage scenarios. Some of that is explored here in extreme detail. The last story in particular features a demented torturer defiling a group of European female Christians. It's a well made production, despite the sole point of titillation being the subjugation, torture and ultimate death of women. Men are killed, too, but not in the degrading fashion of the females featured throughout the film. JOY OF TORTURE isn't a film for every horror fan. If you find such productions as HOSTEL (2005) and MARTYRS (2008) appalling, than you will probably wish to steer clear of this movie.


Teruo Ishii's bizarre, disturbingly surreal tale stitched together from numerous works of famed Japanese author, Edogawa Rampo, is the single most outrageous film on this list. Banned shortly after its release in Japan, it is still banned today in its native state. It managed to garner an extras packed US DVDebut courtesy of Synapse Films a few years ago. Ishii has directed a fair number of the films on this list which should give some idea as to what type of cinema he was interested in.

A director prone to scenes of shocking violence and extreme sexuality, HORRORS OF THE MALFORMED MEN is of curiosity value to anyone with an interest in Japanese horror films. Upon seeing the film, viewers familiar with Japanese films like the RINGU series will notice images representative of Yurei, Japanese ghosts with long, straggly hair and white painted bodies. The plot is confusing at times. If you're not paying attention you will get lost amongst the miasma of absurdities and grotesque imagery.

The film concerns a man named Hirosuke Hitomi. He finds himself inside an insane asylum suffering from nightmares and not knowing how he got there in the first place. He escapes the asylum and following a series of clues, makes his way to a seaside hamlet where he discovers he is a dead ringer for a deceased aristocrat. Taking that man's identity and successfully fooling his quirky family, Hitomi then journeys to a mysterious island to meet the dead man's father, a disfigured scientist conducting inexplicable experiments on the inhabitants. From there, Hitomi learns of his past and how he connects to the strange family.

Ishii's movie contains a lot of offensive material with a lot of it being of a sexual nature. Anyone familiar with Ishii's ultra violent 'JOY OF TORTURE' films and his bloody 'Pinky Violence' exploitation pictures will know what to expect from this totally insane cinematic experience. The problem with the movie involves Japan's sensitivity regarding the deformed. The films literal Japanese title is something that apparently is forbidden to speak in society. Even the poster artwork is distasteful. Considered derogatory in the extreme, the film has been swept under the rug in Japan and only shown a scant few times one being in memorial of the directors death in 2005.

LONE WOLF & CUB 1972-1974 KOZURE OKAMI (various titles)


Released here as SHOGUN ASSASSIN by Roger Corman in a severely compromised version, much of the original movies exposition was eliminated, but wholesale scenes of dismemberment and massive blood sprays were retained. Melding the first and third films in this six movie series, SHOGUN ASSASSIN was born. Brimming with extreme gore and violence, SHOGUN ASSASSIN was a mystical period Samurai tale about a betrayed Shogunate decapitator traveling the road of vengeance slashing his way through a multitude of attackers till he gets to the Shogun himself.


Tomisaburo Wakayama (brother of Shintaro Katsu of ZATOICHI fame) sliced a name for himself assuring LONE WOLF & CUB would be remembered for years to come. The outrageous level of blood and gore gave birth to a sub genre of Jida Geki movies that featured geysers of spurting blood and severed limbs. SHOGUN ASSASSIN was a seriously stripped down version of both SWORDS OF VENGEANCE and BABY CART AT THE RIVER STYX. Cutting out much of the dialog, what remained was a cavalcade of cruelty and extreme gore. Well worth seeking out.


The popularity of this six film series began with the release of a hugely successful manga that was released in 1970. First Publishing in America released a translated version of most of the manga in the late 1980's. The films are SWORD OF VENGEANCE, BABY CART TO HADES, BABY CART AT THE RIVER STYX, BABY CART IN PERIL (all 1972), BABY CART IN THE LAND OF DEMONS (1973) and WHITE HEAVEN IN HELL (1974).


The basic premise concerns the betrayal of the royal decapitator for the Shogun. He becomes an outlaw and travels around with his young child complete with a weapons laced baby cart. Together, Ogami Itto cuts down various assassins and Yagyu clan killers on a mission of bloody vengeance to get to the Shogun himself. The way the sixth film ends, it's almost as if more films were planned, but never made.


These pictures inspired a small number of like minded arterial spraying, gore drenched chambara actioners. The TRAIL OF BLOOD trilogy is one example and LADY SNOWBLOOD (1973) starring cult fave Meiko Kaji is another. Wakayama also starred in the ultra violent jida geki show, THE MUTE SAMURAI as well as a villain in the Sonny Chiba fantasy horror picture, MAKAI TENSHO (SAMURAI REINCARNATION 1981) during his incredible career. This monumental and influential series was a co-production between Toho and Katsu Productions. It's required viewing for all Asian film fans.


HANZO THE RAZOR 1972-1974 GOYOKIBA (various titles)

Shintaro Katsu beats his meat in HANZO, THE RAZOR (1972)

Zatoichi himself, Shintaro Katsu, stars in this bizarre trilogy about a constable fighting criminals and corruption in Edo era Japan. Like many other Japanese films, the Hanzo series was based on a popular manga. Hanzo uses his sword to cut down villains and uses a different sword to interrogate female prisoners. He rapes them with his huge penis only to have these women succumb to his sexual prowess to become infatuated with him.

Assassins spring a trap in the house of Hanzo from THE SNARE

Hanzo frequently flagellates his "razor" to make it stronger and also strengthens it by having intercourse with large bales of rice. He also lives in a home laced with assorted booby traps.

Hanzo "interrogates" a woman with his "razor".

A far cry from the Zatoichi films of the previous decade, chambara films were prime for a change of one sort to another. Produced during a time of shifting movie trends in Japanese cinema, these three films mixed blood, sex and sleaze to create a memorable series of films made all the more jarring in that Katsu takes the lead in all three. You won't quite look at Zatoichi the same way again, even though the persona of Hanzo more closely resembles Katsu's personality than the Blind Masseur ever did. Famed director, Kenji Misumi, helmed the first entry. The first film has a score that would seem right at home in a blaxploitation movie; it adds to the overall weirdness. The three films are SWORD OF JUSTICE, THE SNARE and WHO'S GOT THE GOLD?

Fans of Katsu will no doubt wish to see what the enterprising filmmaker was up to outside of his hugely popular Blind Swordsman series. While this trilogy is far from matching the quality of those wonderful chambara movies, the character of Hanzo is truly unique and totally outrageous. Easily the most eccentric and off the wall character of the films on this list, they're worth a look for there notably quirky qualities alone.


FEMALE CONVICT SCORPION series (starring Meiko Kaji) 1972-1973; various titles


This hugely popular and influential series of violent actioners are some of the most highly regarded in Japan's unique pantheon of exploitation history. Like so many other genre product from Japan, these movies were inspired by a popular manga series. With the 'Women In Prison' genre getting into full swing with the release of Jack Hill's THE BIG DOLL HOUSE (1970), Shunya Ito's series contains all the expected ingredients indigenous to the genre. Opposing the more salacious approach of his contemporaries, Ito opts to shoot his movies in a totally original and incredibly surreal fashion that sometimes defies its exploitation ties.


Meiko Kaji (LADY SNOWBLOOD) is the star of the first four movies which lasted for seven entries and later, some direct to video productions of inferior quality. The four more popular productions are FEMALE PRISONER #701: SCORPION, FEMALE CONVICT SCORPION: JAILHOUSE 41, FEMALE PRISONER #701 SCORPION: BEAST STABLE and FEMALE PRISONER #701 SCORPION: GRUDGE SONG. Released in a nicely packaged box set by Media Blasters, only three of the films are featured. The second and probably most popular entry, JAILHOUSE 41, is not among the set. The fourth film is the weakest of the quartet. Each film carries over into the next entry and features much of the same cast from one film to the next. Arguably, the CONVICT SCORPION series (the ones directed by Shunya Ito at least) are the most artfully directed of the whole 'Women In Prison' genre.


These four films (most particularly the first three) contain some of the most mesmerizing cinematography and entrancing scenes of beauty you will ever see. The first three films, with special notice to the classy second entry, border on avant garde, but with an accent towards sleaze. Unusual, exceptional and truly extraordinary, Kaji's star turns as the 'Scorpion' solidified her as the reigning Queen of Toei's violent action films of the 1970's. Fans of Asian cinema will not be disappointed.

Reiko Ike as Ocho Inoshika


Christina Lindberg and a Japanese prostitute perform for a sleazy patron

Norifumi Suzuki's 'Pinky Violence' classic is a convoluted story detailing a gambling thief named Ocho seeking out her fathers killers. Along the way, she promises a dying man to free his young sister from a prostitute ring and partakes in a gambling match between an equally skilled European spy named Christina. There are several story arcs for the various characters. The European woman (played by Swedish starlet, Christina Lindberg), a whore herself, had a prior relationship with a Japanese man. The two reunite, but their reunion is short lived during the blood soaked finale. Ocho (played with spirited zeal by Reiko Ike) enjoys meting out bloody retribution; preferably naked.

During one of the more astonishing sequences, she combats a group of killers completely naked in the snow. Considering showing genitalia was a no-no in Japanese cinema, the director expertly gets around this by shooting the scene with a lot of ingenuity. Also, Ocho revels in being covered in blood. During both this fight and the violent battle at the end, she ends up splattered with crimson. The films ending recalls the ending of Chang Cheh's THE BOXER FROM SHANTUNG released the year prior. Ocho takes a lot of punishment, but keeps on going till the last villain is cut down. Christina Lindberg, the star of the overrated THRILLER, A CRUEL PICTURE (1974), gets naked a lot along with a number of other women in the film. She is likewise abused, but embarks on some torture of her own towards the end of the film.

Teruo Ishii directed the even sleazier sequel, although it's slightly less fun than Suzuki's film. Euro-sleaze fans will surely want to check this one out because of the participation of erotic actress, Lindberg. Sexploitation specialist, Suzuki also directed the offensive, yet beautifully shot, CONVENT OF THE SACRED BEAST (1974;aka SCHOOL OF THE HOLY BEAST;also on this list), a prime example of the nunsploitation genre. He also directed one of Sonny Chiba's more popular movies, SHORINJI KEMPO aka THE KILLING MACHINE (1975). It featured a downright nasty scene where a rapist has his penis cut off and fed to a dog.


Toshiya Fujita's somber, hopelessly depressing vengeance classic is arguably, the signature film of action actress, Meiko Kaji. While she came to fame with her 'Sasori' character, Her character of Yuki Kashima has been the subject of a lot of attention in recent years. An accomplished singer, Kaji also performs the theme song, 'Flower of Carnage'. Kaji has also performed the vocals on some of her other movies as well. Kaji also featured in several of the more famous violent Yakuza gangster pictures prominent at the time.

Kaji plays Yuki, a vengeance starved young woman out to kill the bastards responsible for her family's murder. Her father and brother are viciously cut down and her mother is taken and brutally raped. She managed to kill one of the four attackers, but is put in prison. In an attempt to get pregnant for purposes of revenge, the woman gorges herself on sexual encounters. Eventually getting pregnant, she dies shortly after giving birth to Yuki. The young girl then trains for the day in which she can avenge her family to lay their souls to rest.

Fujita's movie is the simplest of exploitation storylines, but guided with an assured hand resulting in a polished piece of grim filmmaking. With an exaggerated amount of blood and gore, it's an easy sell for fans of the LONE WOLF & CUB series. Fujita's movie is as well made as any of that series' entries, but probably more sadistic. There was also a Hong Kong kung fu movie that adapted the same storyline in 1977 entitled BROKEN OATH. That film starred Angela Mao Ying in the Kaji role.

Tetsuro Tamba takes on an army of Bohachi warriors


Teruo Ishii's "porno" chambara exploitation spectacular is a hugely enjoyable exercise in excess. Yet again, it's inspired from a manga, this one from LONE WOLF & CUB creator, Kazuo Koike. It's shocking to see revered Japanese actor, Tetsuro Tamba participating in a film such as this. This notion extends to those who worked on the film as is stated in one of the interviews on the US DVD. Tamba is reserved throughout the movie maintaining his composure even during the fight scenes. There's an incredible amount of sex and nudity in this movie and a healthy amount of splashing blood and flying limbs.

Tetsuro Tamba (right)

Tamba is Shino, an outlaw ronin saved from suicide by members of the Yoshiwara Bohachi clan. Revived in a most ingenious manner (he's "brought back to life" by two naked women writhing and kissing all over him), Shino is offered a place with the Bohachi, a clan of outcasts who have forsaken the eight virtures to embark on a life of debauchery and torture. The seedy clan run prostitution rackets and other sleazy endeavors as "Beasts masked in human flesh". Realizing his sword skill, the Bohachi enlist Shino to take out their competition with plans of getting rid of him soon afterwards. Things don't go according to plan and Shino flashes his blades against the Bohachi who hired him.

Ishii strikes again in this low budget feature from the purveyors of trash excellence, Toei Studios. Ishii's film is imbued with a Bavaesque color palette that makes the most of the predominantly studio bound set pieces. The sword battles are secondary to the sex and sleaze, but there are a handful of fights, only don't expect samurai excellence on the level of a Zatoichi film, or ones with Tomisaburo Wakayama, or Raizo Ichikawa. Tamba is still good in these scenes, they just don't resonate on quite the same level as one of the more "respectable" samurai entries.

The sinister Order at the CONVENT OF THE SACRED BEAST


Exploitation ace, Norifumi Suzuki directs what I presume to be the first in a sporadic string of Japanese nunsploitation movies. Besides being incredibly offensive and overly blasphemous, Suzuki's movie is brimming with striking compositions and some incredible imagery. Christians will no doubt be totally offended by such scenes as self flagellation, lesbian nun action and countless bizarre scenes of topless girls wearing their habits.

Incest, a mass naked communion and a wholly distasteful sequence wherein a young nun is tortured into confession by urinating on a figurine of Christ are just some of the more questionable bits. Even with the high level of taboo breaking salaciousness, Suzuki masterfully turns a trashy, depraved movie into something meticulous and overly artistic.

Yumi Takigawa

The film deals with Mya Takigawa enjoying one final night of debauchery (she even takes in a showing of the Eurocrime film, BIG GUNS) before joining a nunnery in an effort to find out what happened to her mother who was also a member of the Order. It takes a while before you actually learn just what Yuki's intentions are, but until then, it's one series of gratuitous events after another. HOLY BEAST is one of, if not the most odious film on this list.

Miki Sugimoto during the opening moments of ZERO WOMAN


Miki Sugimoto was already an established 'Pinky Violence' starlet when she got around to starring in this successful and glaringly misogynistic comic book film. Yet another in a long line of manga based movies, the 'Red Handcuffs' of the title are the seemingly magical weapon Rei uses to take down her targets. She is totally adorned in red clothing as well. The color red is in excess in this film and Toei surely must have spent a bundle on the red stuff. A direct to video series of ZERO WOMAN movies surfaced two decades later. Tetsuro Tamba has a supporting role in one of the more guileful and seedy roles of his career.

Sugimoto is Rei, a cop who delights in excessive force and one occasion wherein she removes a man of his manhood puts her in prison. When the daughter of a politician is kidnapped by an out of control gang of rapists-murderers, Rei is enlisted as a member of an "above the law" unit of the police force to infiltrate the gang and get the young girl out alive. If she is successful, she wins her freedom.

Interestingly, the plot point of the secret squad of police who act outside the law mirrors the similar storyline of the hugely successful Italian crime classic, EXECUTION SQUAD (1971). Oddly enough, Yukio Noda's movie rarely acts within the realm of reality, or sensibility. Virtually no one in the film is noble, or virtuous in any way. The police are just as vile and sadistic as the cruel gang of rough-housers they are in pursuit of. The film is loaded with extreme violence and vicious scenes of beatings and rape. I SPIT ON YOUR GRAVE (1979) comes to mind in some sequences. Still, there are some nice visual touches that never manage to raise this production above complete trash.


When Chiba begins making faces like this, you are in serious trouble

Quite possibly the single most famous Asian exploitation movie on this list. Sonny Chiba ripped and hammered a name for himself amongst gore fans everywhere with his amazingly over the top performance as half breed mercenary, Tokuma Tsurugi. Bones break and the blood flows freely in this wild Toei production that became the first film to be rated 'X' based on its gruesome action content. The film has a massive cult following around the world. Many of Chiba's other movies are overshadowed by this production. The extravagant characters and the violence are keys to the films success. The score is one of the most memorable of its kind.

Chiba plays the ultimate anti hero who finds himself in hot water when he refuses to do a kidnapping job for the Mafia. He also gets into trouble when a brother and sister can't pay his asking price for freeing their lawbreaking, Karate chopping sibling from the hangman's noose. Accidentally killing the brother and selling the sister into prostitution(!), the man Chiba freed comes after him with a vengeance. He soon discards his less than honorable ways just prior to laying waste to the mobsters in one of the most brutal and violent finales in martial arts cinema history.

Tokuma Tsurugi (Chiba) threatens Etsuko Shihomi, later to become a movie star in her own right

Chiba returned to the character for two more films. RETURN OF THE STREETFIGHTER might have actually been the better movie were it not for a lot of stock footage ported over from the first film. There's still a good amount of gory violence on hand to make it worth a look. The third film is an embarrassment as some serious tinkering has been done with Chiba's character. It has its moments, but not enough to recommend it. One of the most infamous films of its kind, THE STREETFIGHTER is prime entertainment for sleaze fans.


Sonny Chiba stars in this bizarre Teruo Ishii directed sleaze-gore action film. Chiba plays Koga, a very similar character to the one he made famous in THE STREETFIGHTER. For this one, Chiba is partnered with two other hired killers to tackle a Japanese drug cartel. Possessing the same lunatic aura of Chiba's more widely known bone cruncher, THE EXECUTIONER could easily be mistaken as a sequel to THE STREETFIGHTER. The Japanese titles are also very similar.

Yasuaki Kurata

Yasuaki Kurata (HEROES OF THE EAST), a familiar face in many HK kung fu flicks, has a supporting role and gets to show off quite a lot during the finale. Among the strange and offbeat characters is a cannibal boxer who bites the ear off of one of his opponents. I wonder if Tyson happened to get his inspiration from this movie?

A cannibalistic boxer has lunch in Teruo Ishii's THE EXECUTIONER

The gore is plentiful as well. Curiously, director Ishii wasn't interested in doing Karate movies and tried to make the film as wild and as ridiculous as possible in the hopes Toei wouldn't ask him to do another. Unfortunately for him, it was a success and he was quickly commissioned to helm a fast sequel. For THE EXECUTIONER 2, Ishii turns in an even more insane movie. With an accent on totally unhinged scenes of comedy, the ending serves up lots of violence and intestine ripping gore. It's a shame Ishii couldn't be coerced into returning to helm a third EXECUTIONER movie.

Chiba, though, would continue on starring in further over the top martial arts bone crunchers such as the aforementioned THE KILLING MACHINE (1975) and a trilogy of movies based on his martial arts teacher (KARATE BULLFIGHTER, KARATE BEAR FIGHTER, KARATE FOR LIFE), the world renowned Matsutatsu Oyama, the possessor of the "God Hand". Chiba also featured in a number of respectable chambara movies such as HUNTER IN THE DARK and SHOGUN'S SAMURAI, but returned to samurai/ninja movie madness with such titles as SHOGUN'S NINJA (1981) and SAMURAI REINCARNATION (1982).

Those with a fondness for American and European exploitation features who have yet to explore Japan's own striking brand of brutal moviemaking, will find much to peak their interest.


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